The greatest security concern to the nation has been described as the banditry wreaking havoc in the North West and North Central geographical zones of the nation.
According to a report by the International Committee of the Red Cross, bandits have surrounded the country’s northwestern region.
A paper titled “The Question of Definition: Armed Banditry in Nigeria’s North-West in the Context of International Humanitarian Law” said that terrorism and banditry have put the North East and North-West on edge.
According to the study, while terrorists killed roughly 350,000 people and displaced millions more, bandit deaths eventually outnumbered those caused by Boko Haram terrorist attacks.
The report read, “Nigeria’s two geopolitical regions at the edge of the Sahel are sites of two different ongoing conflicts that have developed and evolved independently.
“In the North-East, the decade-long fundamentalist insurgency led by Boko Haram and its spawns has caused around 350,000 deaths, displaced over three million residents, and destroyed public infrastructure in a region already blighted by poverty and poor socio-economic outcomes.
“In the North-West, groups of violent non-State actors, widely referred to as bandits, are laying siege to Nigeria’s most populated geopolitical zone, with distressing consequences, that at some point outweigh the fatalities from Boko Haram’s insurgency. In 2019, bandits were reportedly responsible for almost half of all violent deaths in Nigeria. “
“In terms of its disruptive impact and intensity of violence, banditry is the gravest security threat that Nigeria currently faces, and it is driving her worst national humanitarian crisis in decades.
“Undoubtedly, global attention in the last decade has been on Boko Haram and other Islamist fundamentalist groups in the Northeast, yet the impacts of banditry on local populations have been more devastating, and this is so for three reasons. With a population of 35.7 million people, the region is the most populous in Nigeria,” the report said.